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NEWS

What are our mobility habits

Researchers of travelling habits tell us where, how often, in what way and for how long we travel, i.e. the mobility of the population. In 2016, the Ministry of Infrastructure ordered a survey of travelling habits in order to update and upgrade the national transport model for passenger transport throughout Slovenia. The project was completed in July of this year, and the findings are presented in more detail in the two enclosed documents. The update was urgently needed due to the age of the data, as the last survey was conducted in 2003, and covered only the wider Ljubljana region.

Research into mobility habits helps us understand our transport needs and therefore represents one of the key areas of input data for the development of transport and transport infrastructure. Its findings form one of the most important sources for the national transport model, in which settlement, socioeconomic and traffic conditions are mutually interdependent. It includes road and rail transport, all airports and seaports, parking lots in larger cities and major distribution and logistics centres.

 

Research in 2016 indicated that a huge majority of the population uses cars in all twelve statistical regions, but there are noticeable differences among the regions. Cars are used for 73% of trips in Central Slovenia, 75% in the Zasavje and Coastal-Karst regions, 87% in Southeast Slovenia and 84% in the Koroška and Pomurje regions.

 

Bikes are used most often in Central Slovenia (5% of all trips), while bikes are practically never used for transportation in the Koroška, Zasavje and the Primorska-Notranjska regions. The highest level of pedestrian traffic was recorded in the Zasavje region (18%), and the lowest in the Primorska-Notranjska region (6%). Zasavje also posted the highest use of trains (4%), while train travel in the Pomurje and Koroška regions is negligible. The highest level of bus travel was recorded in the Primorska-Notranjska region (8%), and the lowest in the Pomurje region (1%).

In 2016, research on travelling habits was conducted at a nationwide level, while in 2003 it focused only on households in the wider Ljubljana region. Although the samples are not identical, a rough comparison of the two indicates the direction of the trends in the last decade.

 

A comparison of the surveys from 2003 and 2016 shows that the inhabitants of Central Slovenia are travelling more. In 2016 they took 3.1 trips per day on average, compared to 2.9 in 2003. At the same time, the percentage of travellers also increased, as 89% of the population travelled on a daily basis in 2016, while in 2003 this figure was just 79%. The percentage of commuting to work fell from 26% to 23%, and travelling to school from 13% to 10%, which means that the percentage of trips for other purposes increased, e.g. for leisure time, shopping, etc.

 

After this year’s revision, the national transport model for passenger transport is once again up-to-date, and can be applied directly to the testing of spatial planning and transport policies and traffic corridors of national importance.

In the future, the periodic updating of the transport model is planned to take place every few years, so that current data will always be available for transport studies and other infrastructure projects and for the appropriate planning of state and local transport infrastructure.