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Ambitious action plan on alternative fuels in transport

The Ministry of Infrastructure drafted the Action plan on alternative fuels in transport, which defines objectives and measures for the realisation of these objectives, which were proposed in the Alternative Fuels Strategy adopted in October 2017.

Since transport contributes almost one third of greenhouse gas emissions in Slovenia and is an important source of air pollution in towns, the only permanent solution is the shift towards sustainable mobility with low carbon and air pollutant emissions. The long-term objective is to reduce emissions from transport by 2050 by half in comparison to 1990.
 
The promotion of walking and cycling, including the promotion and increase in competitiveness of public passenger transport (PPT) and a broader use of electric or alternative fuel vehicles, is crucial for the attainment of this objective. Over 1,000 kilometres of cycling surfaces and suitable solutions for pedestrians will be arranged in urban areas and for connecting larger towns with small ones in the hinterland in the next four years.

Subsidies for the purchase of compressed natural gas (CNG) buses are anticipated as well as incentives for replacing PPT vehicles of EURO IV emission class or less with alternative fuel vehicles, particularly in towns with poor air quality. All PPT buses will have to comply with the latest environmental requirements by 2030. Two pilot projects for implementation of PPT with electric buses are envisaged and a pilot project involving hydrogen fuel cell buses.

 

After 2025, Slovenia will restrict the first registration of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles of the M1, MG1 and N1 categories, which according to the manufacturer’s declaration have a higher share of CO2 than 100 g/km and will further reduce this threshold to 50 g/km after 2030. For comparison, only electric cars and plug-in hybrids are below this threshold today. The optimum scenario anticipates the increase in the share of alternative fuel passenger cars in the entire Slovenian vehicle fleet to 20 per cent by 2030.

 

Until price alignment of electric vehicles with gasoline or diesel-powered vehicles, the purchases of electric vehicles (EUR 7,500) and plug-in hybrids (EUR 4,500) will be subsidised, and other incentives will also remain in force, such as an exemption from payment of the annual fee for the use of a vehicle in road traffic.

 

The use of electric vehicles will also be promoted with positive discrimination for electric vehicles when parking, using certain road surfaces, special markings or registration plates, with simplified procedures for granting subsidies (sellers will arrange entire documentation and supporting documents for the beneficiary), by enabling the sale of a test electric vehicle as a new vehicle for which the beneficiary will be able to apply for the subsidy, by setting up charging infrastructure for multi-residential buildings and other measures from the action plan.

 

Co-financing of the purchase of heavy goods vehicles or conversion of vehicles to dual fuel systems (engines using diesel and gas) with the use of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is anticipated. A gradual increase of the share of heavy goods vehicles, which will use clean biodiesel, i.e. from 0 to 10 per cent, is foreseen between 2020 and 2030.

 

The action plan also anticipates the provision of charging infrastructure. There are 31 fast charging stations for electric vehicles in the Slovenian motorway network and over 400 charging stations in settlements. The set-up of public charging infrastructure in municipal centres and large towns in Slovenia will be promoted, including charging infrastructure for multi-residential buildings and private use. Some 77 fast charging stations and 11 ultra-fast charging stations will be constructed with European funds, and 50 fast charging stations in the vicinity of multi-residential buildings will be co-financed. The action plan also promotes the set-up of slow charging stations by employers in order to enable charging of electric vehicles for job-related purposes and charging of employees’ vehicles during working hours. The construction of infrastructure for CNG in all 12 city municipalities and the Zasavje region is anticipated by the end of 2020, while three locations with charging stations on the Mediterranean Corridor and two on the Baltic-Adriatic Corridor are also envisaged. In the second half of 2019, three charging stations for LNG will start operating, and four or eight charging stations for hydrogen are also anticipated.

 

Action plan on alternative fuels in transport
Action plan on alternative fuels in transport – table